Gophers are rodents that are quite known for their extensive tunneling activity. There are about 35 different species in North America. Gophers, also known as pocket gophers, tend to weigh in about a half of a pound and grow 6-8 inches long. Their fur coat is usually a gray-brown similar to color of soil. Their life span is 3 to 5 years. They have small eyes and big cheeks that can be used to like pouches to store food.
Gophers tend to be solitary and each will have it’s own tunnel system. Rarely do males and females inhabit connecting tunnels or nesting chambers. They can breed anytime, usually 1-3 times a year, and usually have 2-5 babies in a litter.
Since these are larger rodents you can spot their burrow entrances with the large piles of dirt around them. They can collect a very large stash of food. They seldom appear above ground and use their tunnels to get around and for protection. Gophers like moist soft soil to dig in so they are more commonly found in vegetable gardens, lawns and farms. Gophers can live in a tunnel system that can extend from 200 to 2000 square feet and can tunnel 200 to 300 feet per night.
Don’t let gopher mounds bury you. Call Hart’s Extermination, a professional and certified for gopher control. A continuous monitoring program is recommended to prevent severe re-infestation problems.